Civilization on earth is thousands of years old. Archaeological finds have confirmed that the Indus Valley civilization was the first to depict cities and villages in pictures. Since then, many excavations have been carried out and many cities have also been found buried underground. The world’s oldest cities are a true heritage and testament to the technical nature of man and the presence of culture when we were not even born. Check out the oldest cities in the world here.
List of 10 oldest cities in the world:
The ancient cities kept much in their ruins. Many of them are deserted, but there is a civilization in their sands to be discovered. The list of these cities is given below.
|Jericho, West Bank||11,000 years|
|Damascus, Syria||11,000 years|
|Aleppo, Syria||8000 years|
|Byblos, Lebanon||7000 years|
|Athens, Greece||7000 years|
|Susa, Iran||6300 years|
|Erbil, Iraqi Kurdistan||6000 years|
|Sidon, Lebanon||6000 years|
|Plovdiv, Bulgaria"}”>Plovdiv, Bulgaria||6000 years|
|Varanasi, India||5000 years|
Jericho, West Bank:
This city is almost 11,000 years old. It was made around 1500 BC. Chr. Destroyed for an unknown reason. Historians say it must have been the Egyptian invasion or an earthquake that destroyed the city. Archaeologists have found traces of settlement in this city from the year 9000 BC. Found. The location of the city is in the Jordan Valley with the river flowing to the east and the city of Jerusalem to the west. The dwellings found in this place are up to 11,000 years old. It is also the lowest city in the world. It is located at an altitude of 258 meters below sea level. It still has almost 25,000 inhabitants today.
This place is also said to be 11,000 years old. This place has seen many civilizations rise and fall. It is the capital of Arab culture and one of the oldest cities in the world. It was first used in the second half of the 7th century BC. Inhabited and has been inhabited since then. However, there is not much evidence of its oldest status. It was an important settlement area for the Armameans, who were responsible for establishing modern water systems. This city was also conquered by Alexander. The city is also part of the UNESCO World Heritage List.
This city is located in the area between the Mediterranean Sea and Mesopotamia and is one of the most populous cities in the world with almost 4.4 million inhabitants. The city is almost 8,000 years old and was mentioned under the name “Halab” in Paleo-Babylonian times. The ancient site happens to be occupied by the modern city, which is why it has not yet been touched by the archaeologists. Hittites controlled the city until 800 BC.
This city was founded by the Phoenicians as Gebal and was named Byblos by the Greeks. They imported papyrus from that city. For thousands of years this city has been the main papyrus exporter to Greece. This has been happening since the 4th century BC. In fact, the word Bible is derived from Byblos. The ancient Phoenician temples, Byblos Castle and the Church of St. John, built by the Crusaders, are the sights of the city. It is also home to the medieval old city walls.
Who doesn’t know Greece? Greece is famous for its architecture, culture and mythology and the cradle of what many call Western civilization. The ancient heritage of the city of Athens is very visible when visiting the country. Ottoman, Byzantine and Roman civilizations have also shaped the city in its 7,000-year history. Greece was also home to the most famous philosophers, artists, painters and scientists in the world.
It no longer exists under the same name, but Shush, the small town in Iran, is in the same location as the old town, which maintains continuity. This city dates back to 8000 BC. When it was the capital of the Elamite Empire before it was conquered by the Assyrians. It was taken over by the Achaemenid Empire under Cyrus the Greek. Here the game of Aeschylus takes place, which is an Athenian tragedy. It is the oldest play in theatrical history. Susan now has a population of approximately 65,000 people.
Erbil, Iraqi Kurdistan:
It is north of Kirkuk in Iraqi Kurdistan. This place was owned alternately and repeatedly by Assyrians, Persians, Sassanids, Arabs and Ottomans. It played the main role as a stopover on the Silk Road. In the center of the city rests the citadel of Erbil, also known as Hawler Castle, an ancient structure from the year 2000 BC. Chr
The old citadel still overlooks the horizon. The city has modern shopping malls, ancient sites and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
It is a 6000 year old civilized city that is still inhabited by humans. Located 40 km from Beirut, Sidon, it is one of the oldest Phoenician cities on earth. The Phoenicians were known for their shipbuilding and navigation skills in the Mediterranean. From here the Mediterranean Empire grew. It is said that both Jesus and Saint Paul visited the city and found it in 333 BC. Was conquered by Alexander.
The city is 6000 years old. It is the second largest city in Bulgaria and was originally a fortified Thracian city. It later became a large Roman city, but then fell into the hands of the Byzantines and the Ottomans. The ancient remains of the city include an amphitheater, a Roman aqueduct and also Ottoman baths. It was conquered by the Bulgarians in 815 AD. The name Plovdiv first appeared in the 15th century.
It is the oldest city in India and home to ancient civilization, religion and spirituality. It is considered the holiest city through which the holy river Ganges flows. Varanasi, also known as Benaras, is the birthplace of the oldest religion in the world – Hinduism. It is located in the state of Uttar Pradesh and dates back to the 11th century BC. There are 2000 temples in the city including the famous Kashi Vishwanath Temple, which is dedicated to Lord Shiva.
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