Weak legislation, a lack of dialogue between the state and the private sector, inconsistent implementation of laws and the slow administration of justice are among the main obstacles to the business environment in Bulgaria in 2021, according to a survey by the Association of Modern Commerce in June and July.
Members of the association are Billa, Deichmann, dm, Kaufland, Lidl, M Bricolage, ProMarket, T Market, Fantastico and Hippoland.
The association’s survey results rated Bulgaria‘s business climate at 3.2 on a six-point scale, with one being very unfavorable and six being excellent.
As one of the main problems, respondents cited the unpredictable environment, such as arbitrary and hastily imposed administrative changes, without a long-term perspective and without assessing the consequences for the private sector.
This resulted in managers facing unplanned and unjustified costs.
Respondents rated the business legislative process in Bulgaria 2.7 out of six, citing the lack of dialogue and preliminary impact assessment in the adoption of key regulations as the main shortcomings.
They rated the work of the administration 1.7 for a number of reasons, including the different and conflicting interpretations of the law by the regional units of various regulations, such as the Bulgarian Food Safety Authority, Labor Inspectorate and Competition Protection Commission.
The judicial system received a grade of 3.2, among other things because of the main weaknesses – lack of specialization of the cases, workload of important courts and lack of uniform jurisdiction. This resulted in conflicting judgments in similar cases, creating uncertainty and unpredictability.
In the opinion of companies, the legislative process in Bulgaria would be significantly improved if a detailed assessment of its effects were carried out before the adoption of economic laws and these were publicly discussed with the participation of representatives from the real economy.
Respondents said the introduction of e-government and the development of a single portal with access to various administrative services would reduce the administrative burden and make doing business much easier.
Another important factor for economic growth is the elimination of corruption.
They said it is important to create conditions to improve the quality of education and bring secondary and higher education in line with business needs.
(Photo: Carlos Sillero / freeimages.com)
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