Humans have been walking the earth for a long time. After many years of wandering and surviving in the harsh conditions of the planet, a group is usually formed. This group eventually grows into communities that continue to expand to become organized cities with unique cultures. While many of the cities that arose in this way were destroyed by the numerous wars fought in ancient times, some survived the rigors of time and the brutal blows of war and are still home to people today. The inhabitants may not have been the same throughout the city’s history, but the fact remains that these cities have been home to people long enough to be considered today as the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world.
9 Jericho, West Bank
Jericho is arguably the oldest continuously inhabited city in the world. Evidence from archaeological evidence shows that this city was inhabited as early as 9000 BC. or 11,000 years ago, while an organized community was inhabited by 8000 B.C. was founded. Throughout its existence, Jericho has been destroyed and rebuilt several times, and at one point also hosted the Romans. A popular mention of this city is found in the Hebrew Bible where it was attacked by the Israelites led by Joshua. Today approximately 20,000 people live in Jericho and there are many sights in the city that shed light on the city’s distant past.
8th Athens, Greece
Athens is popular for many reasons, including being the birthplace of democracy and philosophy. However, its long existence is undoubtedly the reason why this city stands out from the rest. Athens is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world and perhaps the oldest city in Europe. Named after the goddess Athena, this Greek city has been continuously hosting people for as long as 5000 years. Many of the ancient creations of the city’s residents can still be seen today, and the Acropolis is undoubtedly the most popular place to learn about the city’s long history.
7 Aleppo, Syria
Located in north-western Syria, the city of Aleppo has been a Roman city since the sixth millennium BC. It is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. A fascinating fact about Aleppo is that it still sits on the exact spot where the ancient city stood. This has made it difficult for archaeologists to thoroughly investigate the site to get more information about the city’s history and the exact time when it was inhabited by people. Aleppo has gone through several periods throughout its history, from war to destruction, conquest, reconquest, name change and finally the reversal of its old name.
6 Plovdiv, Bulgaria
The second largest city in Bulgaria has housed since 6000 BC. people. Like many ancient cities around the world, Plovdiv has seen multiple battles and has been ruled by various peoples around the world, some of whom were Macedonians, Romans, Persians, Crusaders and Goths, among others. Plovdiv is the cultural capital of Bulgaria and some of the cultures that have inhabited the city over the years have even left interesting creations that can still be seen today. The ancient amphitheater and the Roman theater are some of these ancient structures that can still be seen in the city. The city also has an archaeological museum where you can learn more about the rich history of this ancient region.
5 Beirut, Lebanon
The capital and largest city in Lebanon since 3000 B.C. BC or 5000 years ago witnessed human activity as it was the burgeoning place of the Phoenicians. In fact, Beirut is believed to have been home to people long before the Phoenicians arrived, meaning it may be older. Despite the city’s history of war, food shortages, natural disasters and mass exodus, Beirut remains one of the oldest cities in the world with plenty of history worth exploring.
4 Jerusalem, Israel
With evidence of human settlement from the 4th millennium BC. BC, Jerusalem is undoubtedly one of the oldest cities in the world. The city is considered a holy city as it plays an important role in Christianity, Islam and Judaism. The worldwide recognition of Jerusalem; but not without a price. The city has a long history of crises motivated by a variety of things, including religion and land ownership. Throughout its existence, Jerusalem has been destroyed, taken, and retaken numerous times. While it remains one of the most bitterly contested cities in the world, Jerusalem is also one of the most steeped in history and one can visit the various ancient ruins and religious sites in different parts of the region.
3 Luxor, Egypt
Located in southern Egypt, Luxor is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Egypt, known for many ancient ruins and temples. The city’s numerous historical sights are the result of many years of human settlement. Luxor was once known as Thebes and has been around since 3200 BC. BC, making it one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. Throughout its history, this region, now known as Luxor, has hosted Babylonians, Assyrians, Hittites, and Phoenicians. Visitors to this historic city will find numerous temples and tombs where Egypt’s most beloved kings were buried.
2 Sidon, Lebanon
Sidon used to be an ancient Phoenician city known as Sidonia. This ancient city, now located in Lebanon, has been populated since the distant 4000 BC. inhabited by people. In addition to archeological evidence dating the city to the 4th millennium B.C. Dating back to around 1000 BC, Sidon was also mentioned several times in the Bible. It was even visited by Jesus and Paul. The city’s history shows that it was conquered by several people including the Babylonians, Assyrians, Greeks, Romans, Egyptians and Persians. Sidon is also considered to be the place where glass was invented as people were extremely skilled at glass making.
1 Damascus, Syria
The capital of Syria is an ancient part of the world worth exploring. It is believed that this region in the southwest of the country dates back to 9000 BC. has witnessed human activity, although carbon dating also suggests that humans have inhabited this region since 6300 B.C. BC have inhabited. Throughout the city’s history, it has been conquered by some of the world’s greatest civilizations, including Babylon, Assyria, and Rome. Though many other cities vouch for the title, Damascus is considered by many scholars to be the oldest continuously inhabited city in the world.
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